The cellular phone has to emit radiofrequency energy at levels high enough to reach base stations (antenna towers) tens of kilometers away. Since the energy is emitted as a microwave in the direct vicinity of the users head there are concerns about the safety of this technology. There are reports from cell studies as well as animal studies that are most worrying. Among other effects the double DNA breakage is among the fundamental och disturbing findings. This may indicate that there may be a significant risk of developing cancer tumours, foremost brain tumours in the user of cellular (mobile) phones.
The design of the cellular phones casing, electronic and foremost the antenna construction gives widely different near and far fields around the phone. It is at present time not completely clear what parameters of the field gives biological effects, however as an intermediate cautionary step one can use the simple measure of absorbed radiated energy into the tissue of the head. This is given as a SAR - Specific Absorption Ratio and is measured in watts per kilogram. This may not be a true measure of the biological hazard from the phone but may be used as an indication of the energy recieved into the head. See it as prudent avoidance.
Niels Kuster, a radiation expert at the Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology, has developed a new measurement technique to measure
cell-phone EMR towards the user's head. He measured 16
popular cell phone models, and published the results in the Swiss
Consumer Report magazine. The table below was initiated based upon data from his
Additional new phone models added from other sources 990611
Additional phone models added 991004, source Aftonbladet 991004
Additional source http://www.sardata.com/sardata.htm 000808
|Motorola||Star Tac 130||0.10|
|Mitsubishi||Trium Galaxy G-130||0.37|
|Motorola||Star Tac 130 (fixed antenna)||0.38|
|Trium||Galaxy (fixed antenna)||1.16|
|LG||Info & Com||1.29|
|Philips||Genie 1800 (fixed antenna)||1.41|
|Philips||Genie 900 (fixed antenna)||2.67|
SAR is given as Cenelec value for average EMR exposure of user's head, measured in Watt per kg of user's body weight. (A low number means less radiated energy into the users head).
The fact that Ericsson SH888 is given two different SAR values reflects the uncertainty how SAR should be measured. The same radiation will give different SAR values depending on calculation or measurement method, whether the ear is a lossy one or just a distancer, and if the SAR is calculated over 1 g, 10 g or 1 kg of tissue (and also the shape that region is given, eg. a cube).
Note that Star Tac exists in various models, some have low SAR and some donīt. Also note that despite the low SAR for Star Tac many people complain of headaches or other sympthoms when using those (just another indication that SAR may NOT be the best way of describing health effects from cellular phones).
Clas Tegenfeldt, 000808, 991004, 990611, 980215
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